Sunday, July 5, 2009

Tehillim/Psalms - A Must Read

The book of Psalms begins with a guide to life itself. Avoid the influence of evildoers and those who ridicule good, and adopt the study and knowledge of Torah as your main goal. Then G-d will reward you with a life of joy and good fortune.

Chapter 1 verse 2

ב כִּי אִם בְּתוֹרַת יְהוָה, חֶפְצוֹ; וּבְתוֹרָתוֹ יֶהְגֶּה, יוֹמָם וָלָיְלָה.
2 But his delight is in the law of the LORD; and in His law doth he meditate day and night.

Chapter 19 verse 8

Contemplation of nature and study of Torah will both teach man to recognize his Creator. But it is only the Torah that can teach how to relate to G-d and how to achieve spiritual fulfilment.

ח תּוֹרַת יְהוָה תְּמִימָה, מְשִׁיבַת נָפֶשׁ; עֵדוּת יְהוָה נֶאֱמָנָה, מַחְכִּימַת פֶּתִי.
8 The law of the LORD is perfect, restoring the soul; the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.

Chapter 105 verse 45

G-d guides the course of history; seemingly unrelated events are tied together to bring about a society of all mankind governed by G-d's holy Torah.

מה בַּעֲבוּר, יִשְׁמְרוּ חֻקָּיו-- וְתוֹרֹתָיו יִנְצֹרוּ;הַלְלוּ-יָהּ.
45 That they might keep His statutes, and observe His laws. {N}Hallelujah.

Chapter 119 verse 1

An alphabetical arrangement - eight verses for each letter - that describes the ceaseless striving to faithfully live a Torah-true life regardless of time, place, circumstance or social environment.

א אַשְׁרֵי תְמִימֵי-דָרֶךְ-- הַהֹלְכִים, בְּתוֹרַת יְהוָה.
1 Happy are they that are upright in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD.

verse 44

מד וְאֶשְׁמְרָה תוֹרָתְךָ תָמִיד-- לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד.
44 So shall I observe Thy law continually for ever and ever;

verse 53

נג זַלְעָפָה אֲחָזַתְנִי, מֵרְשָׁעִים-- עֹזְבֵי, תּוֹרָתֶךָ.
53 Burning indignation hath taken hold upon me, because of the wicked that forsake Thy law.

verse 142

קמב צִדְקָתְךָ צֶדֶק לְעוֹלָם; וְתוֹרָתְךָ אֱמֶת.
142 Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and Thy law is the truth.

The Torah Prophets teach us how to seek salvation from our sins.

יט וַאֲמַרְתֶּם, מַדֻּעַ לֹא-נָשָׂא הַבֵּן בַּעֲו‍ֹן הָאָב; וְהַבֵּן מִשְׁפָּט וּצְדָקָה עָשָׂה, אֵת כָּל-חֻקּוֹתַי שָׁמַר וַיַּעֲשֶׂה אֹתָם--חָיֹה יִחְיֶה.
Ezekiel 18:19 Yet say ye: Why doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father with him? When the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all My statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live.

כ הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַחֹטֵאת, הִיא תָמוּת: בֵּן לֹא-יִשָּׂא בַּעֲו‍ֹן הָאָב, וְאָב לֹא יִשָּׂא בַּעֲו‍ֹן הַבֵּן--צִדְקַת הַצַּדִּיק עָלָיו תִּהְיֶה, וְרִשְׁעַת רשע (הָרָשָׁע) עָלָיו תִּהְיֶה. {ס}
20 The soul that sinneth, it shall die; the son shall not bear the iniquity of the father with him, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son with him; (Dear christian readers - this means that "J" can not bear your iniquity. You are accountable for your own sins) righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.

כא וְהָרָשָׁע, כִּי יָשׁוּב מִכָּל-חַטֹּאתָו אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה, וְשָׁמַר אֶת-כָּל-חֻקוֹתַי, וְעָשָׂה מִשְׁפָּט וּצְדָקָה--חָיֹה יִחְיֶה, לֹא יָמוּת.
21 But if the wicked turn from all his sins that he hath committed, and keep all My statutes, and do that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not die.

כב כָּל-פְּשָׁעָיו אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה, לֹא יִזָּכְרוּ לוֹ: בְּצִדְקָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר-עָשָׂה, יִחְיֶה.
22 None of his transgressions that he hath committed shall be remembered against him; for his righteousness that he hath done he shall live.

כג הֶחָפֹץ אֶחְפֹּץ מוֹת רָשָׁע, נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה: הֲלוֹא בְּשׁוּבוֹ מִדְּרָכָיו, וְחָיָה.{
23 Have I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die? saith the Lord GOD; and not rather that he should return from his ways, and live?

כד וּבְשׁוּב צַדִּיק מִצִּדְקָתוֹ, וְעָשָׂה עָוֶל, כְּכֹל הַתּוֹעֵבוֹת אֲשֶׁר-עָשָׂה הָרָשָׁע יַעֲשֶׂה, וָחָי--כָּל-צִדְקֹתָו אֲשֶׁר-עָשָׂה לֹא תִזָּכַרְנָה, בְּמַעֲלוֹ אֲשֶׁר-מָעַל וּבְחַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר-חָטָא בָּם יָמוּת.
24 But when the righteous turneth away from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, and doeth according to all the abominations that the wicked man doeth, shall he live? None of his righteous deeds that he hath done shall be remembered; for his trespass that he trespassed, and for his sin that he hath sinned, for them shall he die.

כה וַאֲמַרְתֶּם, לֹא יִתָּכֵן דֶּרֶךְ אֲדֹנָי: שִׁמְעוּ-נָא, בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל, הֲדַרְכִּי לֹא יִתָּכֵן, הֲלֹא דַרְכֵיכֶם לֹא יִתָּכֵנוּ.
25 Yet ye say: The way of the Lord is not equal. Hear now, O house of Israel: Is it My way that is not equal? is it not your ways that are unequal?

כו בְּשׁוּב-צַדִּיק מִצִּדְקָתוֹ וְעָשָׂה עָוֶל, וּמֵת עֲלֵיהֶם: בְּעַוְלוֹ אֲשֶׁר-עָשָׂה, יָמוּת. {ס}
26 When the righteous man turneth away from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, he shall die therefor; for his iniquity that he hath done shall he die. {S}

כז וּבְשׁוּב רָשָׁע, מֵרִשְׁעָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה, וַיַּעַשׂ מִשְׁפָּט, וּצְדָקָה--הוּא, אֶת-נַפְשׁוֹ יְחַיֶּה.
27 Again, when the wicked man turneth away from his wickedness that he hath committed, and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive.

כח וַיִּרְאֶה וישוב (וַיָּשָׁב), מִכָּל-פְּשָׁעָיו אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה--חָיוֹ יִחְיֶה, לֹא יָמוּת.
28 Because he considereth, and turneth away from all his transgressions that he hath committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die.
Chapter Descriptions from The Schottenstein Edition The Book of Psalms with an Interlinear Translation - Mesorah Publishers

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